In this fast-paced environment, you all run to make money and increase your wealth, to accomplish your life goals as soon as possible. You’re all looking for ways to save money through investments. You want to maximize profit in the quickest time.
Is everything said above true? If you’re an investor, you’ve probably heard of Warren Buffet. He says, “If you don’t find a way to make money while you sleep, you will work until you die.”
You should never rely on a single source of income; instead, invest in developing a second source of income. People of all income levels worry about selecting the best investment solutions for wealth management.
Even though saving money is important for a solid financial future, you should only depend partially on your savings.
Instead, choosing the best investment alternatives in India is one method to see your money grow over time. This article will aid you in learning about the best investment options in India.
Types of Investment Goals:
Each person has different goals depending on age, financial condition, and lifestyle. Typically, there are three categories of investment goals:
A short-term goal is something you aim to do in the next five years or less. These goals are generally set to pay for expenses you expect to acquire in the next few years. You need liquidity for short-term objectives, so the risk to your assets should be kept to a minimum.
A medium-term or intermediate goal could take up to 10 years to complete. If you have mid-term objectives, you must balance your financial stability and investment development.
A long-term objective may require more than ten years to complete. The achievement of long-term goals requires a stubborn and growth-focused investing approach.
Some of the top investment opportunities in India are listed below:
- Public Provident Funds (PPF)
- Sukanya Samriddhi Yojana (SSY)
- Mutual Funds
- ELSS (Equity Linked Saving Scheme)
- National Pension Scheme (NPS)
- Unit Linked Insurance Plans (ULIP)
- Liquid Funds
- Sovereign Gold Bonds (SGBs)
- Exchange-Traded Funds (ETFs)
- Senior Citizen Savings Scheme (SCSS)
Let us take a closer look at some of the top investment opportunities for building personal wealth.
Public Provident Fund (PPF):
PPF is a government-backed fixed-income plan; it can be called a risk-free investment. It is accessible at almost all banks and post offices in India. There is a single account limit.
Age requirements to open an account are not enforced. Until they turn 18, a minor’s guardian manages their account. The annual minimum investment is 500 rupees. The maximum annual payment is Rs. 1.5 lakh. Within a financial year, you may deposit one to 12 times.
Currently, the annual interest rate is 7.10%. Since PPF interest rates are variable, they may alter every three months. Typically, the interest rate change ranges from 0.25% to 0.75%.
A PPF fund has a maturity period of 15 years. After 5 years since the account’s creation, partial withdrawals are permitted. PPF investments are tax-free. The interest you earn on your investment is also tax-free.
Mutual fund investments are subject to market risk; thus, one should consider the risk before investing. Mutual funds can be your best investment option to double your money if you know the market and its risks.
You can build an investment portfolio based on your preferences, whether you are looking for short-term or long-term investments.
Monthly systematic investment plans or systematic withdrawal plans can be good investment choices if you prefer a fixed income and have a lesser risk tolerance from mutual funds.
It can also be a good option if you want to make a high-return investment in India.
The following are the top two investment choices provided by mutual funds:
Equity Mutual Fund:
The market-linked securities are known as equity funds. As one of the most well-known mutual funds in India, equity mutual funds provide excellent returns on investment by purchasing shares of businesses with various market capitalizations.
Equity mutual funds give significantly higher returns than other investments available in India, such as debt or fixed deposits. But there is more risk involved.
The equity mutual fund scheme invests 65% of assets in equities and equity-related securities and 35% in debt and money market instruments.
Debt Mutual Fund:
Debt funds are regarded as one of the greatest investment options for investors seeking a consistent return on investment. When investing in a debt fund, money is put into fixed-interest instruments, including,
- Corporate Bonds
- Government Securities
- Treasury Bills
- Commercial Paper
- Other Money Market Instruments
The primary goal of investing in debt funds is to generate capital appreciation and interest income.
Investing in equities is one of the best ways to make money for your long-term goals. It is about a company’s equity shares, which bind you in legal terms to the company’s ownership.
You acquire the right to participate in shareholder meetings and influence corporate decisions by purchasing company shares. Additionally, you receive a percentage of the company’s profits as a distribution based on the number of shares you own.
You must understand as an investor that a company’s performance affects the share price, both positively and negatively. You can also decide to later return the shares to the company or a third party, depending on the market conditions and your risk tolerance.
Like people, companies and governmental organizations require money for social programs and infrastructure development; thus, they issue bonds to the general public. The interested parties then purchase the bonds to aid these organizations in raising money.
In other words, bonds are fixed-income investment choices that serve as collateral for a shareholder’s loan to a governmental or corporate borrower.
The fact that the terms for fixed interest payments, loan principal, and tenure are all covered in the bond specifics makes them one of the top investment plans in India. As a result, it guarantees both the security of your investment and a higher return.
Furthermore, bond prices are inversely proportional to interest rates. Therefore, as interest rates rise, these prices fall, and vice versa. The RBI Taxable Bonds have a 7-year maturity period and an annual interest rate of 7.75 %.
These bonds are exclusively provided in Demat mode, and the investor’s Bond Ledger Account (BLA) is authorized. Bonds are issued for Rs. 1000, and investors receive a Certificate of Holding as evidence of their investment.
National Pension Scheme (NPS):
The National Pension Scheme is for people who want to create a significant retirement fund to invest their savings in a government-monitored pension fund that invests in varied stock market portfolios, including government bonds, corporate debentures, and shares.
At the end of the scheme cycle, a portion of the earnings or cumulative pension money generated from such investments is used to buy a life annuity. There are two different types of NPS accounts:
- Tier I NPS Account
- Tier II NPS Account
Tier I NPS Account:
Indian citizens can invest between the ages of 18 and 65. You can open an account by going to an authorized bank or one of its branches, known as a Point of Presence (POP) designated by the Pension Fund Regulatory and Development Authority (PFRDA). As an alternative, you can go to the eNPS online portal.
You receive a 12-digit number after submitting an account opening request, and a permanent retirement account is generated. You need to deposit Rs. 500 to open this account. You must deposit at least Rs. 1,000 in a financial year to keep the account active.
The maximum amount you can invest annually is limitless. You can only withdraw your invested money once you are 60 years old.
You can only withdraw up to 60% of your total balance once you turn 60. You must spend the remaining 40% to purchase your preferred pension plan.
Under Section 80 C and Section 80CCD, investments up to Rs. 2 lakh annually are exempted from income tax. Taxes are not applied to returns made on NPS tier I accounts.
Tier II NPS Account:
Only those with an NPS Tier I account can open this voluntary account. Any approved bank or its designated POP by the PFRDA will allow you to open an account offline. You can access the eNPS portal to create an online account.
You must open the account with a minimum investment of Rs. 1000. Similar to an NPS Tier I account, there is no required annual payment. There is no upper limit on the amount you can invest.
Each year, you decide how much money to invest in the available asset classes: government bonds, corporate bonds, equities, and alternative assets. There is no lock-in period for this investment.
Unit Linked Insurance Plans (ULIP):
Consumers can obtain both insurance and investment benefits from ULIPs. It’s easy to understand how ULIPs operate: the policyholder can buy an insurance plan, and the money they pay in premiums is split between equity and debt funds, with the remaining amount used to provide coverage.
It is an additional investment choice for people who desire insurance and returns linked to the market. You can get life insurance, which allows you to invest in various funds while providing life insurance coverage. It has evolved into one of India’s greatest investment plans.
This best investment choice in India provides the benefits of insurance and market investments, which aid in the systematic growth of your funds.
Depending on whether you choose long-term or short-term investing alternatives, you can select the policy tenure that is most suitable for you. According to Section 80C of the Income Tax Act of 1961, ULIP also provides tax advantages.
Liquid funds are similar to stock market investments in that funds are invested in government bonds and securities. It is one of the best investment options on the market because there is no lock-in time, and you can withdraw money as needed.
Liquid funds are among the greatest investing options in India for short-term investments. You can put money into it for 3 to 5 years and take money out as needed to achieve short-term objectives.
They are also one of the greatest investing options because they are less vulnerable to market risks than mutual funds.
Sovereign Gold Bonds (SGBs):
Government securities known as sovereign gold bonds (SGB) are issued by the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) and are valued in grams of gold.
They have a minimum investment of 1 gram and are issued in multiples of grams of gold. On dates specified by the central government, SBGs are available for auction.
The RBI issues these bonds several times every year. To purchase an SGB, you need a PAN Card. SGBs are available for purchase from banks, post offices, and stock trading organizations both online and offline.
Based on the average closing price of gold over the previous three business days, each bond unit you buy is worth one gram of pure gold. SGB purchases are limited to 4 kg per individual and 20 kg per trust.
Return on Investment – 2.5% paid twice a year.
Maturity Period – 8 years. Early redemption after 5 years.
Taxation – Interest payments are taxed depending on your tax band. Any gains made at maturity are tax-free.