Functions of the Stock Market in India (Downloadable PDF)

functions of the stock market

The stock market plays an important role in the Indian economy by providing a platform for companies to raise capital and investors to make investments. 

It is also responsible for setting prices of securities, enabling liquidity, and ensuring efficient allocation of resources. In this blog post, we will discuss the various functions of the stock market specifically the functions of the stock exchange in India.

9 Functions of the Stock Market?

Retail investors, traders, brokers, institutional investors, researchers, advisers, and regulators are part of the stock market. The stock market offers many people a chance to make money.

Stock markets are crucial from a nation’s standpoint for encouraging saving and fostering growth. Below are the various functions of the stock market, encompassing the role of stock market in India.

1. Price discovery

The ability of stock exchanges, highlighting the function of stock exchange, to facilitate price discovery is crucial. The effect of all elements that might affect firms is included in stock prices significantly thanks to stock exchanges.

Investors, traders, creditors, and governments do not need to repeat evaluations since all pertinent elements are considered when pricing securities.

2. Promotes investment of savings

Savings from the populace must be used in economically beneficial ways for an economy to expand. This is partly handled by the banking system, aligning with the functions of the share market and the broader financial system.

Citizens would be more likely to invest in companies that can use this money to create more, produce better, and employ more people if the stock market was efficient and reliable. As a result, stock markets may be crucial to the growth of an economy.

3. Promotes better allocation of capital

On the stock exchange, there is vigorous trading of the stocks of profitable businesses. The general public is reluctant to invest in the securities of firms losing money.

Profitable companies can, therefore, more easily raise new cash from the equity market. The stock market helps investors to manage their funds and maximise profit margins more effectively.

4. Becoming a medium for foreign investments

Foreign investments, a significant aspect of the functions of national stock exchange, are essential in emerging nations like India. The money raised may be used by implementing new technology, increasing manufacturing capabilities, hiring better employees, and enhancing existing human capital.

Foreign investors may feel more confident making investments in the firms of a specific nation if the stock market there runs smoothly, is protected from fraud, and is transparent. 

Foreign investments may be advantageous for India’s economic development. India’s disposable income is lower than that of industrialised nations and most developing nations. Because of this, it is challenging to raise money only from domestic sources.

5. Economic growth and economic barometer

A healthy stock market, showcasing what is stock market and its functions, may encourage domestic investment. These expenditures can be used to boost production capabilities and contribute to more job possibilities. Consequently, stock markets can contribute to a nation’s economic prosperity.

A stock market may also serve as an economic barometer since changes in expectations for economic development and important events are reflected in stock prices. Stock prices often increase during favorable economic situations and vice versa.

6. Liquidity

The provision of a safe platform, a primary function of the stock market, for trading securities is crucial. Additionally, it assures investors that they may turn their current assets into cash. In other words, it offers chances for the investment’s liquidity.

7. Promoting a culture of equity

Promoting a culture of equity with a variety of financial instruments, the stock market exposes investors to appealing investment prospects. These changes encourage investors to save more money and purchase corporate stocks as opposed to non-productive assets like gold, silver, other metals, etc.

8. Safe transactions

Companies that are listed on stock exchanges are subject to regulation and must adhere to specific requirements. Investors may also anticipate that all stock market businesses will be covered by a minimal degree of information.

In order to ensure the security of transactions, authorities and stock exchanges, showcase the functions of a stock market, safeguard investors’ interests. and restrict unethical behavior like price manipulation.

9. Provides scope for speculation

Defiance is the practice of purchasing stocks with the express intent of profiting when the price reaches a certain level. The stock exchange, illustrating what is stock exchange and its functions, gives room for controlled speculation within legal bounds. The stock exchange maintains the supply, demand, and liquidity of assets through rational speculation.

Functions of the Stock Exchange (Downloadable PDF)

For more information on how the stock market operates, check out Basics of Stock Market.


These are the key stock market operations that you need to be familiar with. The stock market is important to a nation’s economy and helps that nation’s economy thrive. Additionally, it enables investors to make money by trading in securities and aids businesses in raising finance for operations and expansion.

Overall, stock market in the Indian economy, plays many roles in sustainable economic growth. sustainably while keeping risks under control simultaneously; hence why its importance cannot be overlooked anytime soon either.


  • Why is the stock market valuable?

    Stock markets, exemplifying the functions of a stock exchange, assist businesses in raising funds through open trading. A stock exchange acts as a market for buying and selling securities.

  • What is the purpose of the stock exchange?

    A stock exchange facilitates capital growth by providing a common trading platform that mediates between firms and investors.

  • How can I learn about stocks?

    Depositing cash into an online investing account, which can later be used to purchase shares of stock or stock mutual funds, is one of the greatest methods for novices to learn how to invest in stocks. You may open a variety of brokerage accounts and begin investing for the cost of one share.

  • Is investing in the stock market a wise idea?

    Yes, investing in Indian stock markets is secure, but like with any investment, one must do their homework and make the necessary plans.

  • Can I purchase shares straight from the stock exchange?

    Since you cannot just phone a stock exchange and ask to purchase stocks directly, you will normally need the help of a stockbroker to buy stocks. You may select the investment you want to purchase or sell as well as how the deal should be conducted when you employ a stockbroker, whether they are actual people or an internet platform.